Geography of Turkey factsTurkey quiz
What was the first name of Istanbul?
Byzantium. In 660 BC, the city was founded as the colony of Megara and named to honour its king Byzas. In 324 AD, Constantine the Great made it an eastern capital of Roman Empire. The city was then renamed Nea Roma; however, most simply called it Constantinople.
Which major city is this?
Istanbul. The city is easily recognizable due to the Bosphorus strait dividing it into two parts located on different continents. Istanbul's commercial and historical center is situated in Europe, while one third of its population live in Asia.
Where was this photo taken?
In Cappadocia. Cappadocia is a historical region in Central Anatolia (Turkey). Despite lack of sea, the area is a popular tourist destination mostly for its unique geological features. The rocks of Cappadocia eroded into hundreds of spectacular pillars and minaret-like forms, creating one of the most picturesque landscapes in the world.
What is the currency of Turkey?
Lira. The Guinness Book of Records ranked the Turkish lira as the world's least valuable currency in 1995 and 1996, and again from 1999 to 2004. In the last decade, the Turkish lira stabilized against the U.S. dollar and the euro.