Top 10 plants factsPlants quiz
Which plant is hazardous to harvest when it is wet?
Tobacco. Green Tobacco Sickness is a type of nicotine poisoning caused by the dermal absorption of nicotine from the surface of wet tobacco plants. The symptoms include vomiting, headache and fluctuations in blood pressure and heart rate. These may be so severe as to require emergency medical treatment.
What is the natural role of nicotine in tobacco plant?
It is poisonous to insects. Nicotine is a powerful neurotoxin to insects. Many plants other than tobacco contain it, however the concentration of nicotine in tobacco is exceptionally high. Even though some species have evolved the ability to feed on tobacco, it remains relatively easy to grow, being unpalatable to most species. In some places, tobacco became an invasive weed.
Welwitschia is known as the plant with the longest living leaves. How many leaves does it produce in its centuries-spanning lifetime?
Two. Welwitschia is endemic to the Namib desert. The age of individual plants is difficult to assess, but many plants may be over 1000 (or even 2000) years old. Because Welwitschia only produces a single pair of foliage leaves, the plant was thought by some to be neotenic, consisting essentially of a "giant seedling." However, research showed that its anatomy is not consistent with the giant seedling idea. Instead, the plant is more accurately thought of as achieving its unusual morphology as a result of having "lost its head" (apical meristem) at an early stage.
What gives wood its stiffness and strength?
Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers. Lignin constitutes 30% of non-fossil organic carbon and 20 to 35% of the dry mass of wood.
What was the original color of the carrot grown in Europe?
Violet. Since the ancient times, a black carrot has been grown in Asia (var. Atropururea), which was also brought to Europe during the Middle Ages. Through seventeen centuries, almost all of the carrots that were grown were violet. The modern carrot, a result of mutation, was first grown in the Netherlands. As it was sweeter and bigger, it quickly replaced the violet variety.
What tree is that?
Traveller's tree. Ravenala, commonly known as traveller's tree is a palm resembling tree native to Madagascar. At the top of the tree are banana-like leaves, with pale midribs that give a fanlike appearance. It is named so because the water it accumulates in its leaf bases can be used in emergencies for drinking. However, the water inside the plant is murky, black and smelly and should not be consumed without purification.
Which non-coniferous trees are the tallest in the world?
Eucalypts. Eucalyptus regnans, the Australian mountain ash, is the tallest of all flowering plants. Today, the tallest measured specimen named Centurion is 99.6 m (327 ft) tall (taller than the highest giant sequoia). Six other eucalypt species exceed 80 metres in height.
What's the main fly agaric toxin?
Ibotenic acid. Amanita muscaria contains several biologically active agents, at least one of which, muscimol, is known to be psychoactive. Ibotenic acid, a neurotoxin, serves as a prodrug to muscimol, with approximately 10–20% converting to muscimol after ingestion. An active dose in adults is approximately 6 mg muscimol or 30 to 60 mg ibotenic acid; this is typically about the amount found in one cap of Amanita muscaria. Spring and summer mushrooms have been reported to contain up to 10 times more ibotenic acid and muscimol than autumn fruitings.
What tree is considered to be the most dangerous in the world?
Manchineel. The manchineel tree is native to tropical southern North America and northern South America. All parts of the tree contain strong toxins and even the merest contact with human skin causes a breakout of blisters, and blindness can occur if it touches a person's eyes. In some parts of its range, many trees carry a warning sign, while others are marked with a red "X" on the trunk to indicate danger.